What Happens During a Gingivectomy?

Gum problems can cause a range of issues, from difficulty in cleaning teeth to tooth loss. Luckily, there is a dental procedure called a gingivectomy that can effectively address these problems. Whether it’s the overgrowth of gum tissue or an infection called periodontal disease, a gingivectomy can provide relief and improve the appearance of your gums. 

What Happens During a Gingivectomy?

Gingivectomy for Gingival Hyperplasia

Gingival hyperplasia is a condition where the gum tissue grows excessively. Medications, hormonal changes, or certain medical conditions can cause it. This condition can lead to many complications, including challenges in cleaning teeth, gum recession, and even tooth loss. Your dentist may also recommend a gingivectomy to remove the excess gum tissue and restore oral health.

Gingivectomy for Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that affects the gums. If left untreated, it can result in tooth loss. In cases of gum disease, a gingivectomy can effectively remove the infected gum tissue and halt the progression of the disease. A gingivectomy also addresses the underlying causes and helps prevent further damage to your teeth and gums.

What is the Procedure?

To ensure your comfort during the procedure, the dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb the area around the affected gums. Once the anesthesia takes effect, the dentist uses either a scalpel or laser to remove the excess gum tissue. Additionally, the procedure is typically performed on one or two teeth at a time to ensure precision and accuracy.

Shaping the Gums

After removing the excess gum tissue, the dentist will use a surgical tool to shape the remaining gums around your teeth. This step is crucial in achieving a more natural appearance and facilitating easier cleaning of your teeth and gums. The shaped gums enhance your smile’s overall aesthetic while improving oral hygiene.

Promoting Healing and Recovery

After completing the gingivectomy, the dentist will apply a protective dressing over the gums to aid in the healing process. To ensure proper recovery, it is essential to follow specific aftercare instructions provided by your dentist. This may include avoiding hot or spicy foods that could irritate the healing gums. Additionally, you may need to take pain medication to manage any discomfort during the recovery period.

Considerations and Risks

While a gingivectomy is a relatively straightforward procedure, it does also carry some risks. These risks include bleeding, infection, or damage to nearby teeth. To make an informed decision, it is crucial to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with your dentist before undergoing treatment.

If you are experiencing symptoms like bleeding gums, gum recession, or difficulty in cleaning your teeth, it’s important to consult your dentist about potential treatment options.