Knoxville, TN periodontist Dr. Robert Cain specializes in preventing, diagnosing, and treating gum disease. Osseous surgery is an innovative new way to remove infected gum tissue from the mouth. Osseous surgery is usually recommended for patients with progressive periodontitis.
What is Periodontitis?
In a normal, healthy mouth, the gum tissue and bone should fit snugly around the teeth. This is what creates a protective barrier from bacteria. People who do not follow good oral health routines and do not visit their dentist regularly risk developing gum disease.
Gingivitis is early-stage gum disease and is easy to treat but may require additional at-home care to prevent it from returning. Patients with recurring gingivitis may benefit from more frequent dental cleanings in our dentist office. If left untreated, gingivitis will develop into periodontitis.
Periodontitis is the advanced form of gum disease and has the potential to cause a lot of damage to your bone, teeth and gums. It occurs when tissue around your teeth begins to deteriorate causing pockets to form. Without immediate attention, the pockets begin to get deeper and deeper, making it a breeding ground for debris and bacteria.
Plaque and tartar can form in the periodontal pockets, causing teeth to become loose.
Reducing the size of the periodontal pockets and eliminating the bacteria is important to preventing and reducing the chances of major damage caused by the progression of gum disease. Osseous surgery may help mend the infected area and promote healing and prevent any further damage. This is a patients best chance at avoiding tooth loss. Osseous surgery is generally performed once all other options for periodontitis treatment have been used.
Before your surgery, Dr. Cain may perform a root planing and scaling procedure. This is an intensive dental cleaning used to reduce the size of the periodontal pockets and remove bacteria from the gums. Using special tools, Dr. Cain will scrape away plaque and tartar build up and removes bacteria from the deep gum pockets where it forms.
What are the benefits of Osseous Surgery?
- Reduces the spread of bacteria
- Stops the progression of bone loss
- Healthier mouth and smile
- Saved from a possible tooth extraction
- Gums won’t bleed and will become healthier
Osseous surgery is performed under local anesthetic, so you will feel no pain or discomfort during the procedure. Dr. Cain will carefully open the gum tissue and push it away from the teeth so that he is properly able to remove the excess buildup of plaque and tartar from the roots of your teeth.
The bone is softly reshaped and molded to create a smoother base. Reshaping the bone helps properly heal the affected teeth and eliminates areas where bacteria can prosper. It also helps your gum tissue reattach to healthy bone more effectively. Once the bone is reshaped, the gums are carefully stitched. In some cases, the bone can be regenerated using bone grafting or Oral Tissue Regeneration.
After your surgery, you may experience some pain and swelling. We recommend applying an ice pack to the outside of your face to help with any discomfort. Dr. Cain will schedule a follow-up appointment to make sure everything is healing properly. Stitches may need to be removed if they don’t dissolve on their own. Dr. Cain may suggest a professional cleaning to keep the site clean and bacteria-free.