How Does Gum Disease Affect the Heart?

gum disease heart healthGum disease is known to pose a risk to your heart health, which is why periodontal specialists like Dr. Robert Cain and Dr. Pamela Cain are so passionate about preventing gum disease. Our Knoxville, TN dental team is dedicated to helping you protect your teeth, heart, and develop healthy oral hygiene habits.

The Mouth and Body Connection

Research indicates that a link exists between endocarditis and poor oral health. Endocarditis is when an infection from one part of your body — like an infected tooth, for example — spreads to the lining of your heart through your bloodstream, weakening the heart muscles. There are also studies that show that the risk of clogged arteries, heart disease and strokes increases with exposure to the bacteria from oral health issues. A link has also been uncovered between poor oral health in expectant mothers and the premature births of their children.

How Does Poor Oral Health Affect My Health?

Periodontal disease, also called periodontitis or gum disease, is the disease of the gum tissues that surround the teeth and the jawbone that anchors the teeth in place. It starts with bacteria in the mouth, and, if untreated, it can end with tooth loss and cardiovascular problems.

The main cause of periodontal disease is bacteria in plaque that is left untreated. The bacteria in our mouths bond with mucus and other particles to form plaque on teeth. The plaque that isn’t removed by brushing and flossing hardens and forms tartar.

To get rid of the bacteria, our immune systems release defense cells that cause areas around the teeth to become inflamed. As our gums swell, they pull away from the teeth creating little pockets that allow more bacteria to settle in.

How to Prevent Oral Health Problems At Home

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with an American Dental Association (ADA)-approved toothpaste and toothbrush. Make sure both the toothpaste and toothbrush are ADA approved so you don’t do any damage to your teeth. Brushing your teeth prevents buildup of oral bacteria and hardening of plaque.
  • Floss every day to remove plaque from between teeth and beneath the gum line. This actually disrupts bacterial colonies, preventing them from building up and damaging the teeth.
  • Rinsing after eating is also an important part of oral health. Rinsing your mouth with water between meals can help protect your teeth against build-ups. Adding a mouthwash to your daily routine will help protect against gum disease by killing bacteria and reducing gingivitis.

Prevent Heart Disease with Good Oral Hygiene

The good news is that gum disease and many other oral health problems are easily prevented and reversible if caught early. Regular appointments with our team, plus a great at-home oral hygiene routine, will protect your teeth, your heart, and your body for years to come. Schedule an appointment online today or call us at 865.276.7173.